This article is part of the 31 Days of Pinterest Hacks series. Find the main page for this series here.
Pinterest is chock-full of painting ideas for kids. Many of the images I find include children who can hold a paintbrush or stand at the easel and easily produce creative works of art.
Painting does not come so easily for children with sensory issues, fine motor or cognitive delays, or other disabilities. This post shares tips/ strategies to help you adapt a painting activity so that every child can enjoy creating with paint.
Why painting may be a challenge for neurodivergent and disabled children
- For children with fine motor delays, holding a paintbrush may be difficult.
- Even finger painting may pose a challenge for children with tactile sensory aversions.
- Children with cognitive delays may not be developmentally ready to produce images with or without a tool.
- Children who still mouth objects might be tempted to scoop up and taste paint (which may or may not be toxic).
Suggestions for adaptations/modifications for painting
- Begin slowly. If this is the child’s first attempt at painting (or if all others went badly), try to slow down the process. Modelling painting is an excellent way to begin.
- Use familiar tools rather than bare hands. While most school teachers and parents are encouraged to teach painting using fingers and hands, this may not work with a child with tactile sensory aversions. Finger painting is a great exploratory activity for some children, but the last thing you want is a meltdown! Give yourself permission to skip that step and move on to using tools instead—even if the child has fine motor difficulties. Don’t begin with the obvious use of a paintbrush. Instead, bring familiar objects the child already holds or plays with readily. Think plastic toys. The child isn’t expected to create a still-life at this point. Work on abstract art, so whatever pattern you can get with an object the child holds well is great.
- Introduce one color at a time. You might be tempted to take out all the rainbow colors just because it comes with the paint set, but I highly discourage this. First, it’s visual overload for children just exploring paint for the first time. You don’t want the child shutting down before they even get started. Begin with the primary colors (yellow, red and blue) and first acquaint the child with the lightest color. Make an all-yellow, all-red, and all-blue painting before ever mixing the colors. Do this over several days. Sign the names of the colors and repeat them as you paint. My son gets a kick out of the ASL sign for “yellow.”
- Use non-toxic finger paints—even if you’re not finger painting. If you’re worried about clean-up of toys/tools/the child/ yourself, use finger paints (as opposed to Tempra) as they wash off everything easily.
- Vary the tools. Explore other tools that the child can easily grasp. Some additional ideas are egg cartons, fruits/ vegetables (apples, potatoes, carrots, and celery are solid enough to print with), and non-traditional art tools found at your local art supplier.
- Modify authentic painting tools. Sometimes, all you need to do is modify tools that are naturally intended for painting. For example, paintbrush handles can be thickened by taping foam around them.
- Practice the fine motor skills you’ll be using before the child ever paints. Introduce the unfamiliar paint tools at playtime. Vary the verbal routines: “tap, tap, tap” for tools that are best for printing, “zoom, zoom, zoom” for tools best for scraping, etc. When you bring the tools to the paint table, the child will anticipate what to do with them, and you will find the whole experience much smoother.
- Have all materials ready ahead of time. It seems like an obvious tip, but you don’t want to run across the room for materials while the child sits at the table with all the paint within arm’s reach. Have clean-up materials nearby as well. (Speaking from experience).
- Tape the paper onto a painting board. If you don’t already own one, make or buy a painting board. All it is is a board (plastic or wood) larger than your painting paper. This is great for kids who don’t use an easel. Taping the paper down prevents the paper from slipping and sliding and ending up on the floor. (Not only is this messy, but it disappoints, and possibly frustrates, the child when you have to reach down to keep picking up the paper when they just want to paint!) Having a paper taped to a board allows you to turn the board around or move it closer to the child so they can gain greater access to all parts of the paper.
- Sing or tell a story while painting. Try to incorporate other parts of your day into painting as well. Sing the apple songs you’ve worked on all week. Create a new story about an apple that likes to tap-dance, etc.
- Alter the positioning. If the child can stand at an easel, then that’s wonderful. Of course, painting doesn’t necessarily have to happen on an easel. The child can paint at their adapted chair/table or on the floor if that is easier. Play around with the positioning of the paper. Does it need to be flat (horizontal), or can it be elevated slightly to better access for the child? If you don’t have a desk/table that slants, you can create one using cardboard or wood. If the child is often sitting, use their standing frame and encourage them to stand at an easel. The legs of the standing frame usually slide right under the legs of the easel for full access to the paper. Just be sure to adjust the height of either the easel or the stander.
- Have fun. While painting can be a messy activity, try to relax about it. Some adults can paint alongside the child, but don’t go there if you know the child needs your full attention. Paint on your own with the child observing you at another time.
How do you adapt painting activities?
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Great article once again!
I suggest for those who dont have tilting table to use a 2 or 3 inch binder to angle the work of art.
That’s a great idea, Chantal. I think there are more and more slanted pieces of equipment on the market today, but when you can create something for cheap, it’s even better!
Love your adapted painting ideas, Gabriella. Your words, “For children with tactile sensory aversions, even finger painting may pose a challenge” rang So True!!
I came across an idea for finger-painting minus the “getting-the-hands-dirty” part of it. My son loved it!
Thanks for another great post!
I will try that painting tip, Koogle. I’ve adapted playdough play in a similar manner, and will definitely try it with finger painting too! Thank you!